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THE EFFECT OF USING THE DEMONSTRATION METHOD ON

STUDENTS' SKILLS IN PRACTICING WUDHU

Ai Aisah

Islamic Academy of Yapata Al-Jawami Bandung

aiaisah@gmail.com

PAPER INFO ABSTRACT

Received:

September 2021

Revised: October

2021

Approved:

October 2021

Background: The material for Wudhu practice is not possible only with the

lecture method for it causes students lack of understanding of the material.

By using the demonstration method, students are expected to be able to

practice Wudhu correctly. The condition of the second-grade students of DTA

Al-Fauzaniyyah Solokan Jeruk Sub-District still incorrectly practice Wudhu.

Aim: To discover the process of applying the demonstration method to

learning Wudhu material for class II students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in

Solokan Jeruk Sub-District, the skills of the students in practicing Wudhu

before and after the use of the demonstration method, and whether there was

an effect of the demonstration method on students' skills in practicing Wudhu.

Method: This study uses descriptive quantitative research on 28 second-

grade students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah. This research uses interview and test

method. Based on the research, the use of the demonstration method in

learning Wudhu material is considered very appropriate since can provide a

direct learning experience to students. The analysis used is descriptive

analysis.

Findings: The results of this study indicate that the value of t

count

= 13.21 >

t

table

= 2.052 at the 5% confidence level. Thus, H

0

is rejected and H

a

is

accepted. Hence, the results of the study prove that there is an effect of using

the demonstration method on students' skills in practicing Wudhu.

KEYWORDS

demonstration method, Wudhu, students

INTRODUCTION

Education is a very strategic tool in preserving the value system that develops in life. The

value system includes the realm of knowledge, culture, and religious values. The educational

process does not only provide knowledge and understanding to students, but is more directed

at the formation of children's attitudes, behavior, and personality. The delivery of the learning

process is packaged into a process that builds new experiences based on prior knowledge, raises

the spirit of cooperation, is challenging, and fun (Sabiq, 2006).

The teaching and learning process will run well if the method chosen is really right,

because between education and methods are closely related. Education is a conscious guidance

by the educator on the physical and spiritual development of the educated towards the

formation of the main personality (Marimba, 1980). In the teaching and learning process

teachers are required to have strategies so that students can learn effectively and efficiently,

and achieve the expected goals. One of the steps to having this strategy is that the teacher must

master the methods of presenting lessons or commonly referred to as teaching methods.

The method of presenting the lesson is a knowledge of the ways of teaching used by

teachers or instructors. In teaching or presenting materials to students in the classroom, the

lessons must be captured, understood, and used by students properly. Of the many teaching

methods there is this one called demonstration method. According to Muhibbin Syah (1995),

The Effect of Using the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu

11 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021

the demonstration method is a method of teaching by demonstrating goods, events, or teaching

indirectly through the use of certain media in accordance with the subject or material being

prepared. The use of the demonstration method in Fiqh subjects, especially in the Wudhu

chapter, will attract students' attention so that they are able to understand the material delivered

by the teacher better. The purpose of the demonstration method is that students are able to

understand how to organize or arrange something. Djamarah (2006) said that "The process of

student acceptance of lessons will be more memorable in depth, thus forming a good and

perfect understanding. Students can also observe and pay attention to what is shown during the

lesson. The material for Wudhu practice is not possible only with the lecture method for it

causes students lack of understanding of the material. By using the demonstration method,

students are expected to be able to practice Wudhu correctly. The condition of the second-grade

students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Solokan Jeruk Sub-District still incorrectly practice Wudhu.

With the demonstration method, students are expected to actively participate and gain

direct experience and develop their skills. Based on the description of the background above,

the authors intend to conduct research on "The Effect of the Use of Demonstration on Students'

Skills in Practicing Wudhu (Research on Class II Students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan

Jeruk Sub-District".

METHOD

The method used in this research is descriptive method, which aimed at describing various

existing phenomena which are currently ongoing or in the past. This study does not explain the

manipulation of the independent variables but describes a condition "as it is". The description

of this condition can be individual, group or using numbers. This method was used because it

is based on the nature of the research that is intended to describe the actual problems. The

variables to be studied are independent variable (X) which was the use of demonstration

method and dependent variable (Y) which was students' skills in practicing Wudhu.

This study also used a quantitative approach, in which the analysis focuses more on

numerical data (Numbers) that are processed by statistical methods. By using this approach,

the significance of the relationship between variables will be obtained.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The Process of Implementation of the Demonstration Method in Learning Wudhu for

Class II Students of DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Solokan Jeruk Sub-District

In the learning process using the demonstration method, students were given a pretest with

the aim of knowing how the students' initial ability to practice Wudhu was. After that, the

teacher carries out the process of learning activities using the demonstration method.

Providing Apperception and Motivation about the Procedure for Wudhu

Apperception activities are conducted to determine students who were actively

participating in Wudhu learning activities. Thus, students are trained to have affective skills or

skills related to interests, attitudes and values. Apperception activities can be carried out by

providing materials related to Wudhu, such as materials about sholat. Apperception activities

are usually conducted together with motivational activities.

The Effect of Using the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu

12 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021

Motivational activities can be carried out by constantly reminding students of the

importance of Wudhu and encouraging students to practice it in everyday life. In this case, the

teacher can provide knowledge to students about the virtues or benefits that can be taken from

Wudhu or purification activities. Thus, students are expected to have an awareness of the

importance of Wudhu. Motivational activities can also be carried out by reading one or several

verses of the Qur'an related to Wudhu or purification.

Demonstrating Wudhu

Demonstration activities show how to do Wudhu correctly. This activity provides direct

student experience so that students can immediately understand the process by seeing the real

learning experience process. By looking directly at the activity, students may find answers on

their own based on facts and correct data.

Activities carried out by the teacher to demonstrate Wudhu procedures correctly from

beginning to end. Students observe the process the activity carried out by the teacher. After

that, the teacher guides each student to demonstrate or practice it. Students' attention is

expected to be focused on important things and not focused on other things so that the process

can be understood and students can get a clear picture of the results of their observations.

Confirm and Evaluate

Confirmation and evaluation activities can be carried out together for they are interrelated.

Teachers often repeat evaluation activities to students through a Q&A process to find out the

extent to which students understand the procedures for Wudhu. Furthermore, the teacher

provides confirmation or reinforcement in the form of conclusions about the material taught.

Meanwhile, when evaluating the practice of Wudhu, the teacher observes and evaluates student

learning activities by marking students' knowledge of the procedures for Wudhu, memorizing

prayers after Wudhu, and students' ability to practice Wudhu.

After the steps for using the demonstration method were carried out, students were given

a posttest, which is to find out the extent to which students' skills in practicing Wudhu after

using the demonstration method can make students more active and motivated to learn, so that

learning objectives can be achieved and good learning outcomes can be obtained. satisfying.

Skills of Class II DTA Students Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District in

Practicing Wudhu Before and After Using the Demonstration Method

Skills of class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah in Solokan Jeruk Sub-District in practicing Wudhu

can be observed by comparing student learning outcomes before and after the use of the

demonstration method shown in the student scores from the pretest and posttest data.

Student Skills in Practicing Wudhu Before Using the Demonstration Method

To determine the skills of class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah students, Solokan Jeruk Sub-

District in practicing Wudhu before using the demonstration method can be taken from the

results of the pretest, which can be seen in table 1.

The Effect of Using the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu

13 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021

Table 1. Data on the Skills Pretest Value of Class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Students, Solokan

Jeruk Sub-District in Practicing Wudhu

No

Respondents

Score

Total Pretest Score

A

B

C

1

Andre

25

20

10

55

2

Dandi Rustandi

20

25

10

55

3

Dandi Apriyadi

30

10

15

55

4

Dzulfadli

25

15

10

50

5

Fitri Handayani

20

15

15

50

6

Ilham Ali Munajat

25

15

10

50

7

Ilman Ali Darojat

30

10

10

50

8

Irgi

15

15

15

45

9

Juliyanti

25

10

20

55

10

Leli Oki Setiana Wati

15

15

15

45

11

M. Godzi Fakhrul R.

25

20

10

55

12

M. Sodru Said

30

25

10

65

13

Nisa Nisrina

25

15

10

50

14

Novi Susanti

20

25

10

55

15

Nuraliya Syifa

10

25

20

55

16

Nurul Azmi F.

30

20

15

65

17

Pipit

15

20

20

55

18

Rama

20

20

15

55

19

Refti Sri Antika

15

20

15

50

20

Revadina Nurbaeti

15

25

10

50

21

Rizki Ramdani

20

15

20

55

22

Rima Amalia

25

15

15

55

23

Rina Cantika

30

15

15

60

24

Selly

25

20

10

55

25

Siti Zakiyah

15

15

20

50

26

Siti Sahrotul Sa’adah

15

20

20

55

27

Tazkia

15

15

25

55

28

Yandi Rusmana

20

15

15

50

TOTAL

600

495

405

1500

Description :

A = Can explain the procedure for Wudhu (0-50)

B = Can memorize prayers after Wudhu (0-50)

C = Can practice Wudhu (0-100)

Based on the table, the lowest to highest values can be sorted as follows:

45 45 50 50 50 50 50

50 50 50 50 55 55 55

55 55 55 55 55 55 55

55 55 55 55 60 65 65

The Effect of Using the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu

14 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021

2 students

9 students

14 students

1 student

2 students

55

Score 45

Score 50

Score 55

Score 60

Score 65

The lowest pretest score is 45, while the highest pretest score is 65. From the data above, 2

students got 45, 9 students got a score of 50, 14 students got 55, 1 student got a score of 60 and

2 students got a score 65. The following pie chart displays the obtained data:

Picture 1. Diagram of Average Student Pretest Score

Based on the pretest score data on the practice of Wudhu above, students' skills in practicing

Wudhu before using the demonstration method can be calculated as:

This value is then interpreted in the following criteria (Arikunto, 2006):

90 - 100 = Very good

80 - 89 = Good

70 - 79 = Fairly good

< 70 = Low

The Effect of Using the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu

15 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021

Based on the results of these calculations, the average score of grade II student of DTA Al-

Fauzaniyyah in practicing Wudhu before using the demonstration method is 53.57. The result

of this value is low.

Student Skills in Practicing Wudhu After Using the Demonstration Method

Table 2. Data on the Posttest Value of the Skills of Class II DTA Al-Fauzaniyyah Students in

Practicing Wudhu

No

Respondents

Score

Post-test Total

Score

A

B

C

1

Andre

20

25

40

85

2

Dandi Rustandi

20

25

25

70

3

Dandi Apriyadi

25

15

35

75

4

Dzulfadli

25

20

25

70

5

Fitri Handayani

20

20

30

70

6

Ilham Ali Munajat

30

20

25

75

7

Ilman Ali Darojat

25

20

30

75

8

Irgi

20

20

25

65

9

Juliyanti

20

15

30

65

10

Leli Oki Setiana Wati

20

20

25

65

11

M. Godzi Fakhrul R.

25

20

35

80

12

M. Sodru Said

30

20

20

70

13

Nisa Nisrina

20

20

25

65

14

Novi Susanti

20

20

30

70

15

Nuraliya Syifa

20

20

20

60

16

Nurul Azmi F.

25

20

30

75

17

Pipit

25

20

25

70

18

Rama

20

20

25

65

19

Refti Sri Antika

20

20

20

60

20

Revadina Nurbaeti

25

20

30

75

21

Rizki Ramdani

20

25

25

70

22

Rima Amalia

25

25

25

75

23

Rina Cantika

20

20

30

70

24

Selly

25

15

25

65

25

Siti Zakiyah

20

25

20

65

26

Siti Sahrotul Sa’adah

25

20

30

75

27

Tazkia

25

25

25

75

28

Yandi Rusmana

25

25

30

80

TOTAL

640

580

760

1980

Based on the table, the lowest to highest values can be sorted as follows:

60 60 65 65 65 65 65

65 65 70 70 70 70 70

The Effect of Using the Demonstration Method on Students' Skills in Practicing Wudhu

16 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021

2 students

7 students

8 students

8 students

2 students

1 student

55

Score 60

Score 65

Score 70

Score 75

Score 80

Score 85

70 70 70 75 75 75 75

75 75 75 75 80 80 85

The lowest posttest score is 60, while the highest posttest score is 85. From the data above,

2 students got a