P-ISSN: 2808-0467
E-ISSN: 2808-5051
Homepage: https://iss.internationaljournallabs.com/index.php/iss
38 This work is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
YOUTH PERCEPTION OF QS. AL ALAQ VERSE 1-5 RELATIONSHIP
WITH INTEREST IN LEARNING THE QUR'AN
Susan Sa’idah
Islamic Academy of Yapata Al Jawami Bandung
susan@gmail.com
PAPER INFO ABSTRACT
Received:
September 2021
Revised:
September 2021
Approved:
September 2021
Background: Many adults do not want to care and understand them, or they
have their own world that is difficult for parents to touch. Based on the
phenomenon, researchers are interested in further researching what causes
Muslim teenagers to be less attentive and less interested in learning the
Qur'an.
Aim: This study aims to determine the Perception of Adolescents towards
the Qur'an Surat Al-Alaq verses 1-5 and its Relationship with Their Interest
in Learning to Read and Write the Qur'an in Cibiuk Kidul Village, Cibiuk
District, Kabupaaten Garut).
Method: This study used a qualitative approach. The method used was
descriptive. The data collection implemented was library research. The data
collection method uses descriptive methods and the author performed content
analysis.
Findings: Based on the correlation between variable X (Adolescent
Perceptions of the Qur'an Surat Al-Alaq verses 1-5) and variable Y (Their
Interest in Learning to Read and Write the Qur'an) a correlation coefficient
of 0.95 with a very high qualification was obtained. This proves that the
positive relationship of Adolescent Perceptions of the Qur'an Surat Al-Alaq
verses 1-5 and its Relationship with Their Interest in Learning to Read and
Write the Qur'an in Cibiuk Kidul Village, Cibiuk District, Kabupaaten Garut
is very high.
KEYWORDS
youth, Al-Alaq, learning, Qur’an
INTRODUCTION
Adolescence is a unique period in life, many impressions arise when people speak, mention
the word teenager. There are those who say that adolescence is a time of various potentials that
need to be continuously explored and developed, others who say that teenagers are a group that
makes it difficult for parents, it's just a matter of how teenagers see themselves, their opinions
will of course be different from those of the previous opinion. Maybe they will say that many
adults do not want to care and understand them, or they have their own world that is difficult
for parents to touch.
The existence of various impressions above can be understood that adolescence is a period
of transition from childhood to adulthood, as stated by Drajat (1997), adolescence is a period
full of mental shock and is a transition, which connects childhood to adulthood. Dependent
childhood with mature and independent adulthood, or in other words, adolescence is a turbulent
period of various feelings that sometimes conflict with each other, as well as characters who
tend to follow their unstable emotions.
From the description above, it can be concluded that adolescence is very complex, there
are many problems, both for adolescents themselves, or for parents, teachers and the
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
39 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
surrounding community. This is due to the influence of physical and spiritual growth and
development.
Therefore, this is where the role of parents, teachers, and the surrounding environment is
very important in providing education, coaching and guidance to adolescents, because
education is not only the responsibility of parents, but also teachers, the community, as well as
the government as the organizer, as stated by Ahmadi (1977) "Education is every adult who
gives help to a developing child with a sense of responsibility. "
Chapter I of the Law on the National Education System states that, "Education is a
conscious and planned effort to create a learning atmosphere and learning process so that
students have noble character and skills needed by themselves, society, nation and state to
actively develop their potential to have spiritual (religious) strength, personality control,
intelligence, noble character, and skills needed by himself, society, nation and state.
This is in accordance with the goals of Islamic education, as stated by Drajat (Drajat,
1997), namely "to create humans who have Islamic character, knowledge, piety and believe in
it as an absolute truth, trying and being able to prove it through reason, feeling in all daily
actions, and According to Qaradhawy (1995), "Islamic education is complete education, mind
and heart, spiritual and physical, morals and skills. Therefore, Islamic education prepares
people to live both in peace and in war and prepares them to face society with all its goodness
and prosperity, sweet and bitter.
Thus, comprehensive and systematic education is expected to produce superior human
resources, who are broad-minded, have a vision for the future, are optimistic so that they can
create creative, innovative, and integritid human beings with the Qur'an and hadith as their
foundation. Because the essence of Islamic education is character education.
This is what the Islamic world can hope for, namely how through education it can become
a teenager who is faithful, intelligent, creative and innovative by sticking to religion and still
making the Qur'an as a way of life. So that they can make them useful for the family, the
environment and the nation and state.
The area that the author will use as a research location is Cibiuk Kidul Village, Cibiuk
District, Garut Regency, which has 11 RW and 19 RT. In the past, Cibiuk was known as a
religious area. This is marked by the large number of traditional Islamic boarding schools
(Salafiyah), apart from students from the local area, there are also students from outside the
city, even outside Java who stay in these Islamic boarding schools, they study various
disciplines to prepare for the world and the hereafter.
But along with the times, with the rapid world of information and the influence of foreign
cultures, the mass media is considered the power of information that can affect cognition,
affection, and even social behavior. Electronic media has replaced traditional religions, the
sermons are heard with compassion and witnessed with wisdom. The congregation is more
numerous than any congregation, the house of worship is the largest in various corners of the
earth, its sites are followed with great solemnity, and may thrill and affect the human
subconscious more than any religion that has ever existed (Malik, 1997).
This is what causes a shift in values in Cibiuk society, especially among teenagers who are
vulnerable to outside influences due to unstable thinking, so they tend to accept any information
without being selective, as stated by religious leaders who are worried about the development
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
40 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
of phenomena that occur in society. nowadays, where children prefer to watch TV rather than
recite the Qur’an.
In addition to strong external influences, the reluctance of teenagers to learn the Koran,
sometimes the family is a factor, the lack of attention from parents is due to their lack of
understanding of religion. The low level of education, so that there is an assumption that, if
parents have entrusted their children to educational institutions/Pesantren, then their
responsibility to educate children up to there, everything is left to the educational
institution/Pesantren. In fact, it is on the parents that the child's education is imposed.
As the Word of Allah SWT, which means:
"O you who believe, protect yourselves and your families from the fire of hell whose fuel
is humans and stones: the guardians of the angels are harsh, harsh, and do not disobey Allah in
what He commands them and always do what is commanded." (QS. At-Tahrim; 06)
Based on the above phenomenon, researchers are interested in further researching what
causes Muslim teenagers to be less attentive and less interested in learning the Qur'an by raising
the title: "Adolescent Perceptions of the Qur'an Surah Al-Alaq verses 1-5 and its relationship
with interest. They Learn to Read and Write Al-Qur'an “A descriptive study of learning to read
and write the Qur'an in the village of Cibiuk Kidul, Cibiuk District, Garut Regency.
METHOD
The method used in this study is a descriptive analysis method with a quantitative
approach. As for the descriptive method, according to Arikunto (1995) is ''The research that
was carried out was intended to collect information about the status of an existing symptom,
namely the state of the symptoms according to what they are in when the research was
conducted.”
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Adolescent Perceptions of the Qur'an Surah Al-Alaq Verse 1-5 in Cibiuk Kudul Village,
Cibiuk District
To obtain data on adolescent perceptions of the Al-Qur'an Surah Al'alaq verses 1-5 in
Cibiuk Kidul Village, it was obtained based on the distribution of questionnaires to 48
teenagers who had been assigned to be research respondents. In this case, the authors took
respondents from the village. Peundeuy Cibiuk Kidul Village.
The data for the variable X (Adolescents' perceptions of the Qur'an Surah Al-alaq verses
1-5 are as follows:
59 59 58 58 58 58 57 57
57 57 57 56 56 56 55 55
55 55 55 54 54 54 54 53
53 53 53 53 53 53 52 52
52 51 51 51 50 50 50 49
49 48 48 47 47 47 46 46
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
41 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
After the data for the variable x, namely the perception of adolescents on the Qur'an in
Surah Al-Alaq verses 1-5, was collected, then the writer took the following steps.
Test the Normality of the Variable X Data (Adolescent Perceptions of the Qur'an Surah
Al-Alaq Verses 1-5)
1) Determine the number of internal classes (k) with the formula:
k = 1+3,3 log n (=48)
=1+33 (1,6812)
=1+5,54796 = 6,54796 (Equal to 7)
2) Determine the range (r) which is the largest value (nb) minus the smallest value (nk)
r = nb-nk
= 59-46
= 13
c) Determine the internal length (p) using the formula:
p =
=

= 1,8571428
= 2 (Equal)
d) Create a distribution table for the frequency of observation of variable x data
(Adolescents' perceptions of the Qur'an Surah Al-Alaq verses 1-5) as follows:
Table 1. Distribution of Observation Frequency and Variable
Value
Fi
xi
xi
2
Fixi
2
46-47
48-49
50-51
52-53
54-55
56-57
58-59
5
4
6
10
9
8
6
46,5
48,5
50,5
52,5
54,5
56,5
58,5
2165,25
2352,25
2550,25
2756,25
2970,25
3192,25
3422,25
10811,25
9409
15301,5
2756,5
26732,25
25538
2033,5
48
135888
e) Determine the average value (x) with the formula:
X =


=


= 53,08 = 53 (Equal)
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
42 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
f) Determine the standard deviation (sd) with the formula:


󰇛
󰇜

=




󰇛󰇜
g) Create a distribution table for observations and data exposition of the variable x as
follows:
Table 2. Frequency Distribution of Observations and Expectations X Variable Data
BK
Z COUNT
Z LIST
LI
EI
OI
45,5
47,5
49,5
51,5
53,5
55,5
55,5
57,5
-0,05
-1,50
-0,95
-0,40
-0,14
-0,68
1,23
1,77
-0,4798
-0,4332
-0,3289
-0,1554
0,0557
0,2518
0,3907
0,4619
0,0466
0,1043
0,1735
0,0987
0,1961
0,1389
0,0709
2,2368
5.200064
8,328
4,7376
9,4128
6,6772
3,3042
5
4
6
10
9
8
6
h) Determining the value of chi squared (x^2) is calculated using the formula:

=
󰇛󰇜

= 
󰇛󰇜
󰇛󰇜

=
󰇛󰇜
󰇛󰇜

= 2,63 (Rounded up to two decimal places)
i) Determine the number of degrees of freedom (db) using the formula:
db = k 3
= 7 3
= 4
j) Determining the value of the chi squared x^2 list by using a significant level of 1% or
(x) = 0.01, it will get
= 0,99 (4) = 13,3
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
43 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
k) Comparing the calculated X2 value with the list value, using the following test criteria:
1) If the value of x2 count is smaller than ^2 data, then the data is normally distributed;
and
2) If the value of x2 count is greater than x^2 data, then the data is not normally
distributed.
Based on the calculation results, the value of x^2 count is 2.63 while the value of x^2
lists = 13.3, thus for the variable data x^ (adolescent perception) is normally distributed.
l) The central tendency test includes the following activities: with respect to the data for
the variable x that is normally distributed, it is sufficient to give the mean (average)
value
X =


=


= 58
m) Analysis of the variable category x, using the following formula:
X =


=


= 3,54
Based on the calculation results, the value of the value of the variable x category data is =
3.54. The value if entered into the category classification is as follows:
0,5 1,5 = Very low
1,5 2,5 =Low
2,5 3,5 = Medium/Enough
3,5 4,5 = High/Good
4,5 5,5 = Very High/Very Good
Teenagers' Interest in Learning to Read and Write the Qur'an in Cibiuk Kidul Village,
Cibiuk District
To obtain data about interest in learning to read and write the Qur'an, the author conducted
a technique of giving tests to respondents, totaling 48 people, in the form of questions related
to perceptions and interests, with details of 20 double questions and 5 essay questions. The
results of the test assessment are used as variable data y (interest in learning to read and write
the Qur'an). For more details, the data for the y variable is as follows:
9,0 9,0 8,5 8,5 8,5 8,5 8,5 8,0
8,0 8,0 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5
7,5 7,5 7,5 7,5 7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0
7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0 7,0
7,0 7,0 7,0 6,5 6,0 5,5 5,5 5,0
6,5 6,5 6,5 6,5 6,5 6,0 6,0 6,0
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
44 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
The next step after the data is collected is as follows:
1) Test the normality of the variable data y (interest in learning to read and write the
Qur'an) with the following steps:
a) Determine the class interval (k) with the formula:
k = 1 + 3,3 log n (= 48)
= 1 + 33 (1,6812)
= 1 + 5,54796
= 7 (Equal)
b) Determine the range (r) which is the largest value (nb) minus the smallest value (nk)
r = nb nk
= 9 5 = 4
c) Determine the length of the interval (p) using the formula:
p =
=
= 0,5714285
= 0,6 (Equal)
d) Make a frequency distribution table for the observation of variable data y from the
number of students as many as 58 people.
Table 3. Frequency Distribution of Data Observation Variable X
Value
fi
xi
xi
2
fixi
fixi
2
5,0 5,5
5,6 6,1
6,2 6,7
6,8 7,3
7,4 7,9
8,0 -8,5
8,6 9,1
3
4
6
15
10
8
2
5,35
5,85
6,45
7,05
7,65
8,25
8,85
27,5625
34,2225
41,6025
49,7025
58,5225
68,0625
78,3225
15,75
23,4
38,7
105,75
76,5
66
17,7
82,6875
136,89
249,615
745,5373
585,225
544
156,645
48
343,3
2501,645
e) Determine the average value (x) with the formula:
X =


=


= 7,1520833
= 7,15 (Equal)
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
45 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
f) Determine the standard deviation (sd) with the formula:


=


󰇛
󰇜
󰇛󰇜
=
󰇛󰇜
󰇛󰇜
=


=


=
 = 0,9870414 = 3,989 (rounded up to two decimal places)
g) Create a Distribution Table for Variable X Data Observations and Expeditions as
follows:
Table 4. Frequency Distribution of Variable Data Observations and Expectations
bk
z count
z list
li
ei
oi
4,95
5,55
615
6,75
7,35
7,95
8,55
9,15
-2,23
-1,62
-1,01
-0,39
0,21
0,82
1,43
2,05
-0,4871
-0,3438
-0,3438
-0,1517
0,0838
0,2939
0,4236
0,4798
0,0397
0,1036
0,1921
0,0685
0,2107
0,1297
0,0562
1,9056
4,9721
9,2208
3,288
10,1136
6,2256
2,6975
3
4
6
15
10
8
2
h) Determining the value of chi squared (x^2) is calculated using the formula :
󰇛󰇜

=
󰇛󰇜
󰇛󰇜

=
󰇛󰇜
󰇛󰇜

= 0,002 + 5,76 + 0,001 + 0,129 = 5,89
i) Determine the number of degrees of freedom (db) using the formula:
db = k 3
= 7 3 = 4
Determining the value of the chi squared X2 list by using a significant level of 1%
or (x) = 0.01, it will be obtained
= 0,99 (4) = 13,3
j) Comparing the calculated x2 value with the list value, by men
1) If the value uses the following test criteria: ai x2 count is smaller than x2 list,
then the data is normally distributed; or
2) If the calculated x2 value is greater than the list x2, then the data is not normally
distributed.
Based on the calculation results, the value of x^2 count is 5.58, while the value of
x^2 list = 13.3, thus for the data variable x (adolescent perception) is normally
distributed.
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
46 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
2) The central tendency test, which includes the following activities with respect to the
data for the Y variable, is normally distributed, then it is enough to give the mean
(average) value.
X =




= 7,1520833
= 7,15
3) Analysis of the variable category x, using the following formula:
X =


=


= 7,1520833 = 715
Based on the results of the calculation, the value of the y variable category value = 7.15.
The value if the object is classified between 5.85 - 7.3 which is categorized as moderate or
sufficient, as the following category classification:
8,1 = Very good 7,2 = Good/High 5,85 = Medium/Enough
4,95 = Low
Thus, the variable y (interest in learning to read and write the Koran) can be said to be quite
good.
The Relationship between Muslim Teenagers' Perceptions of Interest in Learning to Read
and Write the Qur'an in Cibiuk Kidul Village, Cibiuk District, Garut Regency
As described in the previous section, that the two variables, both variable x and variable y
after the normality test was carried out, turned out to be both normally distributed, then the
next step will determine the analysis of the correlation coefficient, with the following steps:
1) Create a table of data pairs for variables x and y.
a) Calculate the value of the regression equation, using the formula y = a+b,x, then the
task will be searched with a and b can be calculated by the formula:
a =
󰇛
󰇜󰇛

󰇜󰇛
󰇜󰇛
󰇜

󰇛
=
󰇛

󰇜󰇛

󰇜
󰇛

󰇜󰇛

󰇜

󰇛

󰇜
󰇛

󰇜




 5,57 ( rounded up to two decimal places)
b =
󰇛
󰇜󰇛
󰇜

󰇛
󰇜
=

󰇛

󰇜
󰇛

󰇜
󰇛󰇜

󰇛

󰇜

=


=


= 0,2394393 = 0.24 (rounded up to two decimal places)
Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
47 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021
Based on the results of the calculations above, the values of a = -5.57 and b =
0.24, then the regression equation is obtained as follows: y = 5.57 + 0.24 which
means that the lower the coefficient of y, it will be followed by decreasing the
direction of the regression coefficient x by one unit. Testing the linearity of the
number of squares of regression a by using the formula:
Jk (a) =
󰇛
󰇜
=
󰇛

󰇜

= 2451,0208
b) Calculating the number of squares of regression b to a using the formula:
JK (
󰇜 󰇛
󰇜 󰇛
󰇜󰇛
󰇜
....... = 0,2394393
......... = 024 (rounded up to two decimal places)
Based on the results of the above calculation, the value of a = 5.57 + 0.24 x is
obtained, which means that the lower the direction of the regression coefficient x is
by one unit.
c) Calculate the sum of the squares of the regression using the formula:
JK (a) =
󰇛
󰇜
=
󰇛

󰇜

=


= 2451,0208
d) Calculate the sum of the squares of b against a using the formula:
Jk = 󰇛 󰇜 󰇛
󰇜 󰇛
󰇜󰇛
󰇜
= 0,24 (18373,5) -
󰇛

󰇜
󰇛󰇜

= 0,24(18373,5) -


= 0,24 (18373,5) 18221,875
= 0,24 (15,625) = 36,39
e) Calculate the sum of the squares of the residues with the formula:
JK (res) = (
󰇜 
󰇛
󰇜
 (
󰇜
= 2490,5-2451,0208 - 36,39
= 3,0892
f) Calculate the sum of the squares of the perimeter using the formula:
(E) = (
󰇜
󰇛
󰇜

=
+
 8,
󰇛󰇜
+ 
+ 
8,
8,
󰇛󰇜
+




󰇛󰇜
+
+
+
+
+
+


Youth Perception of QS. Al Alaq Verse 1-5 Relationship with Interest in Learning the Qur'an
48 Interdisciplinary Social Studies, 1(1), Oct 2021

-
󰇛󰇜


󰇛󰇜

     
g) Calculate the sum of the squares of the discrepancies using the formula:
jkte = jkr jkkk
= 3,0892 1,72
= 1,36
h) Calculating the degrees of freedom of error, using the formula:
dbkk = n-k
= 48 14
= 34
i) Calculating the degrees of freedom of the mismatch, using the formula:
dbte = k 2
= 14 2
=12
j) Calculating the degree of error, using the formula:
rkkk = jkkk : dbkk
= 1,72 : 34
= 0,0508828
= 0,05 (rounded up to two decimal places)
k) Calculate the average of the squares of the discrepancies, using the formula:
rktc = jktc : dbtc
= 1,36 : 12
= 0,11
l) Calculating the value of f mismatch, using the formula:
ftc = rktc : rktc
= 0,11 : 0,05
= 2,2
m) Calculating the f value from the data, using the formula for a significant condition
of 0.01 or 1%, it will be obtained F0,99 (12/34) = 2,76