Relationship Between Physical Changes and Anxiety Premenopause Women in Kalasey 1 Village


  • Roosye Marie Lolowang Faculty of Psychology, Indonesian Christian University Tomohon, Tomohon, North Sulawesi, Indonesia



physical changes, anxiety, premenopause


The findings of a preliminary study on 10 premenopausal women revealed that 7 of them had irregular menstrual cycles, hot flushes (a feeling of heat in the face), night sweats, and mood changes like stress, irritability, and being easily surprised, which led to stress, heart palpitations, and disturbed sleep. This study aims to determine the relationship between physical changes and anxiety in premenopausal women in Kalasey 1 Village, Mandolang District, Minahasa Regency. This study used quantitative research methods. The research subjects used were premenopausal women in Kalasey 1 Village, Mandolang District, Minahasa Regency with a total of 66 people. The data analysis technique used in this study is the product moment correlation technique using manual calculations and computer assistance programs, namely SPSS.22. There is a positive and significant relationship between physical changes and anxiety in premenopausal women with an rxy correlation coefficient of 0.286, then the correlation coefficient test is carried out using the t-test and the resulting t-count = 2.387 and t-table = 1.668. Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted. So, it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between physical changes and anxiety in premenopausal women.


Astutik, R. Y., & Supardiman, I. E. (2016). Menopause dan masalah penanganannya. Deepublish.

Brink, H. vanden, Chizen, D., Hale, G., & Baerwald, A. (2013). Age-related changes in major ovarian follicular wave dynamics during the human menstrual cycle. Menopause, 20(12), 1243–1254.

Hawari, D. (2013). Manajemen stres, cemas dan depresi (4th ed.). FKUI.

Hunter, M. (1992). The Women’s Health Questionnaire: a measure of mid-aged women’s perceptions of their emotional and physical health. Psychology and Health, 7(1), 45–54.

Jannah, R. (2018). Hubungan perubahan fisik dengan kecemasan pada perempuan premenopause di Dusun Candimulyo, Kabupaten Jombang [Undergraduate Thesis]. STIKes Insan Cendekia Jombang.

Juniati, N. K. (2012). Tingkat kecemasan ibu-ibu usia 40-48 tahun dalam menghadapi menopause di Dusun Mundu Kelurahan Catur Tunggal Kecamatan Depok Kabupaten Sleman Yogyakarta [Undergraduate Thesis]. Universitas Respati.

Maryansyah, N. F. (2012). Tingkat kecemasan wanita premenopause dalam menghadapi menopause di Dusun Kedung Ringin Desa Kedung Waruk Kecamatan Karang Malang Sragen pada tahun 2012. Unpublished.

McCarthy, M., & Raval, A. P. (2020). The peri-menopause in a woman’s life: a systemic inflammatory phase that enables later neurodegenerative disease. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 17(1), 1–14.

Proverawati, A., & Rahmawati, E. (2010). Menopause dan sindrom menopause. Nuha Media.

Saimin, J., Hudfaizah, C., & Hafizah, I. (2016). Kecemasan Wanita Premenopause dalam Menghadapi Masa Menopause, Sebuah Studi Crossectional. Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Lampung, 1(2), 226–230.

Stuenkel, C. A., Davis, S. R., Gompel, A., Lumsden, M. A., Murad, M. H., Pinkerton, J. v, & Santen, R. J. (2015). Treatment of symptoms of the menopause: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 100(11), 3975–4011.

Sweeny, K., & Dooley, M. D. (2017). The surprising upsides of worry. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 11(4), e12311.

Uzun, S., Ozcan, H., & Jones, D. (2022). The psychological dimension of menopause: a phenomenological study. Current Psychology, 1–10.

WHO. (2014). World Health Statistics.

Zipp, S., Sutherland, S., & de Soysa, L. (2022). Innovative approaches to menstrual health and sport for development: Menstrual matters. In Social Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Sport for Development and Peace (pp. 189–201). Routledge.